History of Gambling - Tax Revenues
The History of Gambling - American Colonial Days FailuresSee the history of the time line of gambling in America.
1624 The Virginia Assembly decreed: "Ministers shall not give themselves to excess in drinking or yet spend their time idle by day or night, playing at dice, cards or any unlawful game.".
1656 Card fiends in the Plymouth Colony were fined forty shillings (two pounds in 1661).
1748 Benjamin Franklin helped organize a Pennsylvania lottery "to raise three thousand pounds for military supplies to defend Philadelphia against Frenchmen and Indians."
1765 The Stamp Act places a tax "upon every pack of playing cards and all dice... the sum of 1 shilling..."
1776 Congress organized a lottery of $5 million to rally a kitty for the war.
1777 President Washington issued an order forbidding "all officers... and soldiers... playing at cards, or other games of chance... at this time of public distress men must find enough to do, in service of their God and their country, without abandoning themselves to vice and immorality." "...the commander in chief... forbids all officers and soldiers playing at cards, dice or any games except those of EXERCISE for diversion."
1774-89 The Continental Congress issued orders to stop "extravagance and dissipation, horse racing, and all kinds of gaming or cock fighting."
1963 No state had a lottery. Only Nevada permitted casinos, though many states allowed betting on horse or dog races. History reflects changes that began gambling and lotteries in the 1960s and 1970s.
1975 The federal government allowed state lotteries to advertise on television and radio
1976 A national commission found 0.77% (1.1 million) of American adults were pathological gamblers.
1980 Commercial gambling casinos prohibited in every state except Nevada. Only 13 states had lotteries. Americans spent $17 billion on legal commercial gambling.
1987 U.S. Supreme Court ruled Native Americans could offer legal gambling games on reservations, without state regulation, if permitted anywhere in the state, in any form. (California v. Cabazon Band of Mission Indians).
1988 Congress enacted Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA) to create orderly process for growth of Native American gambling establishments.
1976-1988 Casinos legalized in Atlantic City. The number of state lotteries doubled. They failed to bring in the tax revenues as promised. A major failure of bringing in tax dollars. for every dollar spent on gambling, is less dollars spent at Walmart.
1989-1994 21 new states legalized gambling casinos legalized. 10 states authorize slot or video poker machines at racetracks, bars.
1995 A study found 5.4% of Iowa's adults (110,000 residents) were lifetime pathological or problem gamblers - up from 1.7% before riverboats came to the state in 1991. Americans spent $550 billion on legal gambling in 1995 (a 3,200% increase in 20 years!)
1996 President Clinton signed H.R. 497, the National Gambling Impact & Policy Commission Act to investigate gambling in America. Only Hawaii and Utah prohibited all forms of gambling. 37 states and D.C. run state lotteries. 28 states allow casinos. Gamblers legally bet over $586 billion annually.
1998 Over 40 riverboat casinos in Illinois, Missouri, Iowa. Nearly 50 riverboat and dockside casinos in Louisiana and Mississippi. Approximately 298 Indian casinos and bingo halls were operating in 31 states - up from 70 in 16 states in 1988. 48 states have legalized some form of gambling - lotteries, casinos, riverboat casinos, Indian casinos, video lottery machines, pari-mutuel betting (horse racing, dog racing, jai-alai).
History reflects that a few states tried gambling in the 1800s. In all cases, the gambling operations failed to raise much money for the government, there was profound corruption which led to the almost complete ban of gambling in America, excepting Louisiana and Neveda. As the above reflects, America was basically gambling free for over 150 years, until around 1970, and the lotteries and gambling began to appear in many states.
Gambling in America, Based on Greed - Casino Failures
"I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live:"
"And if it seem evil unto you to serve the LORD, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the gods which your fathers served that were on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD."
2 That thou mightest fear the LORD thy God, to keep all his statutes and his commandments, which I command thee, thou, and thy son, and thy son's son, all the days of thy life; and that thy days may be prolonged.
3 Hear therefore, O Israel, and observe to do it; that it may be well with thee, and that ye may increase mightily, as the LORD God of thy fathers hath promised thee, in the land that floweth with milk and honey.
Make the right choice...Obey the Commandments, and do not gamble.
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